Many domestic dogs, having descended from the greatest runners on earth, can outrun their wolf ancestry. However, wolves can run to a top speed of 38 mph and can’t maintain the pace for longer distances before exhaustion.
Meanwhile, some dog breeds can run faster than that speed up to scales of 20% higher and maintain the pace for longer distances before exhaustion.
The fastest human being to ever set foot on earth recorded on the track Usain Bolt can only do speeds of up to 23 mph. On this article, we will determine how fast dogs can run and the fastest dogs depending on breed, physiology, and endurance.
The 8 Fastest Dog Breeds In The World
8. Pit Bull
Pit Bulls can clock speeds of between 25 and 30 mph which are about 40.2 to 48 km/h. The mix breeds used to create the pit bull determine the size of the dog as there are a bunch of different cross breeds. American pit bull terrier is one breed which is very popular. An American pit bull terrier can grow to between 0.35 and 0.60 meters tall at the withers.
They can also grow up to a mass of between 10 and 35 kg which in turn translates to 22 – 77.2 pounds. American Pit Bull terrier can live up to 12 to 15 years. The Staffordshire bull is another popular breed of the Pit Bull which grows to between 0.36 and 0.41 meters at the withers, can weigh from 10 to 17 kg and can have a lifespan of up to 14 years.
7. Afghan Hound
The Afghan Hound has been in existence longer than most dog breeds and has a unique distinction thanks to its ring curl in its tail and a fine thick coat. These distinct features have been acquired out of evolution from the mountains of Afghanistan.
Weighing close to 60 pounds and standing at the height of up to 29 inches, this breed is one of the largest dog breeds. Initially used for hunting, these hounds can run to 29 mph. Their speed is nowadays tested in agility trials.
The Afghan Hound has become very common in dogs shows thanks to their excellent reasoning skills and high intelligence.
6. Great Dane
Great Dane is one of the largest breeds ever to set foot on this planet and is popular for their big sizes. The Danes are nicely disposed to other pooches, human beings, and other animals. They show little aggression and have been nicknamed the gentle giant.
This giant breed requires daily walks and can become an excellent choice to resting on your lap although their size sometimes isn’t ideal one for that. However, it is critical to be careful not to over exercise them especially when they are young as Great Danes tend to grow very fast as this can put them at the risk of bone damage.
This breed has been used over the years for hunting boar, bear and deer and can sprint to speeds of up to 29 mph.
Borzoi is a name that translates to “fast.” This breed originates from Russia and can speed up to 30 mph. They can grow and attain masses of closer to 100 pounds, and although they have a thinner coat, they closely resemble the Afghan hound.
The Russian Tsars have historically been known to have a very close relationship with the Borzoi. The Tsars had well-organized breeding selection hunting trails where only the fastest dog was allowed to go on to reproduce. The Tsars never exchanged the Borzoi for monetary value but instead were given as a high commendation gift.
Borzois rarely bark which makes them a reticent breed. Consequently, they can never make good guard dogs due to their inability to alert. If you want the training of your Borzoi to be successful, you have to motivate them highly.
They are selective learners due to their low level of intelligence.
4. German Shepherd
German shepherds can do the speed of up to 30 mph which translates to 48.3 km/h. Some from this breed can do higher speeds than 30 mph. As for their size which directly impacts on how fast they can run, a German shepherd male grows to between 0.6 to 0.65 meters tall at their withers which is about 2 to 2.1 feet at their withers.
A German shepherd female will be between 0.55 and 0.6 meters tall at their withers. As for how they stand on the weight scale, German shepherds usually weigh between 34 and 43 kg which is around 75 to 95 pounds. German Shepherds have an average lifespan of between 10 to 13 years.
They are usually a brilliant dog, and the military and the police have made use of for many years for law enforcement and searched and rescue.
Historically, this breed has been called a variety of names including the Persian greyhound and the Royal Dog of Egypt. The Saluki was initially used by the nomadic tribes and the Middle Eastern caravans going all the way from the Sahara to China. They can do incredible speeds of up to 32mph and were traditionally used for the hunting of gazelles.
If left alone for extended periods of time, the Saluki is known to get bored. They are also known to aloof sand independent due to their hunting qualities. Due to their level of intelligence, some harsh training methods are not advisable, and it will be hard for them also to take part in some games.
Though the Saluki may not be the fastest, it is known to be the fastest over long distances thanks to padded feet and a remarkable amount of stamina.
There is a belief that the Whippets had a greyhound ancestry and happened to be too small for hunting deer and staging in England. They were given the name “snap Dogs” as they are famous for snapping up prey.
When running, they have a unique posture called the suspension gallop where both pairs of legs are off the ground two times in each stride. This evolution technique allows the dog to reach the speeds of up to 40 mph. Although the whippet does not have the crown of the fastest dog on earth, they are known to have the most rapid acceleration.
Whippets need frequent exercise although many find lounging and resting with their owner to be just fine.
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With a full speed of 45 mph, it comes not as a surprise because this dog has been bred for racing and coursing throughout history. Although they wear muzzles during races, the greyhound is a never an aggressive breed. There is a risk that a greyhound could nip other dogs as they remain very excited especially after races.
This may result in several stitches and some time away from racing as the greyhound has a fragile skin. Due to their high prey drive, many greyhound owners keep them muzzled of the track. They have deep loyalty and are gentle in nature which makes them ideal pets.
Surprisingly, the greyhound is very sociable with other dogs and have even been known to socialize with cats. As they are specially built for splinting and not endurance, the greyhound requires minimal to no exercise especially if there are on track frequently.
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